Clustering - A New Paradigm or Another Teoretical Model

Authors

  • Саша Петковић Faculty of Economics, University of Banja Luka
  • Јелена Тривић Faculty of Economics, University of Banja Luka
  • Брана Латиновић Faculty of Economics, University of Banja Luka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7251/ACE1522113P

Keywords:

small and medium-sized enterprises, clusters, innovation, economic growth and development

Abstract

Economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) and Republic of Srpska is still not showing a signs of recovery and out of the economic crises. Unlike the large number of developed countries that have recognized the possibilities of clustering as a model of strengthening small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and overcoming negative e?ects of the global economic crisis in B&H clustering is not recognized as a model of economic development. The aim of the research is seeking an answer on the question which dominant factors a?ecting the association of SMEs in clusters in Republic of Srpska and which factors are discouraging and slowing down this association? The research was conducted on the territory of the ten cities and municipalities in Republic of Srpska through random sampling method consisted by 106 SMEs (85 companies from research samples are not members of the cluster, while 21 companies in the sample are members of the cluster). We came to the conclusion that in the Republic of Srpska clusters are recognized as one of the possibilities to encourage the SMEs development, and thus the competitiveness of the national economy, but the process has not gone far. Less than 30% of the companies in the sample in the Republic of Srpska is familiar with the work of clusters in general. Entering the cluster, companies evolving and growing as evidenced by the growth in the average number of employees in companies, members of the cluster, in the first quarter of 2013, compared to the year of entry of these enterprises in the cluster. Enterprises which are cluster members, in most cases are only partially satisfied with the performance of the cluster. Regarding the improvement of cluster, 61,9% of respondents believe that greater state support would a?ect the improvement of cluster, and 19,05% think that active engagement of cluster managers would contribute as well.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adriano, J., Fernandes, P., Sampaio, H. and Lopes, J. (2013). Academic Entrepreneurship Framework: The Best Practices of Bragança Polytechnic Institute, In Ferreira,
J.M., Raposo, M., Rutten, R. and Varga, A. (Eds.), Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer, ch. 9 (pp. 163-177). New York, USA: Springer Link.
Andersson, T., Serger S.S., S?rvik, J. and Hansson, E.W. (2004). The Cluster Policies Whitebook. IKED, ???????? ?? [http://www.clusterplattform.at/fleadmin/user_upload/clusterbibliothek/916_TeClusterPoliciesWhitebook.pdf], ??????????? [15.10.2014.].
Barkley, D. and Henry, M. (2001). Advantages and Disadvantages of Targeting Industry Clusters, REDRL Research Report 09-2001-01, Regional Economic Development Research Laboratory, Clemson, South Carolina, USA: Clemson University.
Boja, C. (2011a). Clusters Models, Factors and Characteristics, International Journal of Economic Practices and Teories,1 (1), pp. 34-43.
Boja, C. (2011b). IT Clusters as a Special Type of Industrial Clusters, Informatica Economic?, 15(2), pp. 34-43.
Boškovi?, G., Kostadinovi?, I. (2011). Klasteri malih i srednjih preduze?a - kl?u? ekonomskog razvoja, Škola biznisa, (4), pp. 54-68
Villa, A. and Antonelli, D. (2009). A Road Map to the Development of European SME Networks Towards Collaborative Innovation, London: Springer.
????? ????????? ??????, ???????????? ??????????, ?????????? ? ?????????. (2012). ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????.
??????????, ?. (2006). ????????? ??????????????, ???? ????: ????????? ????????. Delgado, M., Porter, M.E. and Stern, S. (2010). Clusters and Entrepreneurship, Journal of Economic Geography, 10, pp. 495–518.
EU Cluster Mapping and Strengthening Clusters in Europe, Center for Strategy and Competitiveness, CSC.
European Commision, (2013), Innovation Clusters in Europe: A statistical analysis and overview of current policy support. ???????? ?? [http://www.central2013.eu/fleadmin/user_upload/Downloads/Tools_Resources/Cluster.pdf], ??????????? [14.11.2014.]
Eurpoean Commision, (2014), A partial and fragile recovery. Annual Report on European SMEs 2013/2014. ???????? ?? [http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/facts-fgures-analysis/performance-review/fles/supporting-documents/2014/annual-report-smes-2014_en.pdf], ??????????? [14.10.2014.]
????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ??????. (2014). ???????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???? 2014. ??????, ???????? ?? [http://www.rzs.rs.ba/front/article/1230/], ??????????? [09.09.2014. ].
????????????-???????? ????? ????????? ??????. (2014). ????????? ???????, (13), ????? 2014. ??????. ???????? ?? [http://www.irbrs.org/azuro3/a3/?id=222], ??????????? [09.09.2014.]
International Finance Corporation, (IFC). (2010). Scaling - Up SME Access to Financial Services in the Developing World, Washington, D. C.: World Bank, ???????? ?? [http://www.gpf.org/sites/default/fles/documents/G20_Stocktaking_Report_0.pdf], ??????????? [13.03.2014.]
Jiang, H. and Fallah, M.H. (2011). The typology of technology clusters and its evolution – Evidence from the hi-tech industries, Hoboken: Sevens Institute of Technology.
Ketels, C., Lindqvist, G. and Sölvel, Ö. (2006). Cluster initiatives in developing and transition economies. Stockholm: Center for Strategy and Competitiveness, ???????? ?? [http://www.clusterobservatory.eu/system/modules/com.gridnine.opencms.modules.eco/providers/getpdf.jsp?uid=e9ef3ed1-2e9b-4f5f-8938-85cd5edc4bad], ??????????? [14.10.2014.]
Ketels, K., Lindqvist, G. and Sölvel, Ö. (2012). Strengthening Clusters and Competitiveness in Europe. Te Role of Cluster Organization. The Cluster Observatory. Stochkolm: Stochkolm School of Ecconomics, Center for Strategy and Competitiveness.
???????, ?. (2011). ??????? ????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????????? ??????, ???????? ?? [http://lokalnirazvoj.rs/assets/fles/Baza_znanja/Unapredjenje_poslovanja/Analiza_poslovne_infrastrukture_u_Republici_Srbiji.pdf], ??????????? [31.05.2013].
?????, ?. (2010). ???????? - ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????, ????????? ?????????, 12 (2), pp. 57-74.
OECD. (1999). Managing National Innovation Systems, ???????? ?? [http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/industry-and-services/managing-national-innovationsystems_9789264189416-en], ??????????? [14.10.2014.]
OECD. (2006). Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs, Policy Brief, OECD Publishing, Paris.
OECD. (2013). Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs: An OECD Scoreboard Final Report, ???????? ?? [https://www.google.ba/#q=OECD.+(2013).+Financing+SMEs+and +Entrepreneurs%3A+An+OECD+Scoreboard+Final+Report.++ ], ??????????? [14.10.2014.]
????????, ?. ? ??????????, ?. (2006). ?????? ? ????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????, ??????????, 1-2. pp. 81-90.
????????, ?., ???????, ?. ?. ? ????????, ?. (2011). ???????? ??????????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????????????: ???????? ???????? ? ??????. ???????? ?? [https://www.google.ba/search?q=klasteri+merr+gov+rs&channel=linkdoctor], ??????????? [01.06.2013.].
Porter, M.E. (2000). Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy, Economic Development Quarterly, 14 (1), pp. 15-34.
????????????? ????????? ???? ? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????, (2012), ???????????: ???????? ? ????????? ????????? 2011, ???????? ?? [http://inkubator.hr/hr_HR/projekti/bios-istrazivanja/istrazivanja-2011], ??????????? [28.11.2014.]
????????????? ????????? ???? ? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????, (2012), ???????????: ???????? ? ????????? ????????? 2009, ???????? ?? [http://inkubator.hr/hr_HR/projekti/bios-istrazivanja/istrazivanja-2009], ??????????? [28.11.2014.]
?????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???. (2012). ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ????????-????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????, ???????? ?? [http://www.rars-msp.org/sr-Cyrl-BA/publikacije/izvjestaj/], ??????????? [30.11.2014.]
Sölvell, Ö., Ketels, C. and Lindqvist, G. (2009). The European Cluster Observatory
Sölvell, Ö., Lindqvist, G. and Ketels, C. (2003). hTe Cluster Initiative Greenbook. Stockholm: Ivory Tower.
???????? ??????? ????????? ??????. (2013). ????? ? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????, ???? ????: ???????? ??????? ???? 50/13.
Temouri, Y. (2012). The Cluster Scoreboard: Measuring the Performance of Local Business Clusters in the Knowledge Economy. OECD Local Economic and Employment
Development (LEED) Working Papers, 2012/13, OECD Publishing. ???????? ?? [http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k94ghq8p5kd-en], ??????????? [22.11.2014.]
???????, ?. (2009). ???????? ?? ? ????????? ????????. ????????? ???????????, 22 (1). ???????? ?? [http://hrcak.srce.hr/38204], ??????????? [02.11.2014.]
Trotta, L. (2012). The Asian Boom and Australia’s proximity Clusters and Automotive Districts Potential cooperation between South Australia and Piedmont. Working Paper. Of Government of South Australia. ???????? ?? [http://dpc.sa.gov.au/sites/default/fles/pubimages/documents/ofce-for-international-coordination/15%20-%20Trotta.pdf], ??????????? [23.11.2014.]
Harvie, C., Narjoko, D. and Oum, S. (2013). Small and Medium Enterprises’ Access to Finance: Evidence from Selected Asian Economies, ERIA Discussion Paper Series, ???????? ?? [http://www.eria.org/ERIA-DP-2013-23.pdf], ??????????? [13.03.2014.]

Downloads

Published

2015-02-28

How to Cite

Петковић, С., Тривић, Ј., & Латиновић, Б. (2015). Clustering - A New Paradigm or Another Teoretical Model. Acta Economica, 13(22), 113–150. https://doi.org/10.7251/ACE1522113P

Issue

Section

Preliminary Communication